The National Space Society vision is people living and working in space

The Space Shuttle Decision

by T. A. Heppenheimer

Abbreviations and Acronyms

AACB

Aeronautics and Astronautics Coordinating Board (USAF-NASA)

AAF

Army Air Forces

AAS

American Astronautical Society

AB, A/B

airbreathing

ABES

Air Breathing Engine System (jet engine)

ACPS

attitude control propulsion system

AEC

Atomic Energy Commission

AFB

Air Force Base

AFL-CIO

American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations

AFSC

Air Force Systems Command (USAF)

AIAA

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

APU

auxiliary propulsion unit

ARDC

Air Research and Development Command (USAF)

ASSET

Aerothermodynamic/elastic Structural Systems Environmental Tests

ATM

Apollo Telescope Mount (Skylab)

ATSC

Air Technical Service Command (USAF)

AT&T

American Telephone and Telegraph Company

BOB

Bureau of the Budget

BTU

British thermal unit

CASI

Center for Aerospace Information

CD

certificate of deposit

CIA

Central Intelligence Agency

deg

degree

DOD

Department of Defense

EC/LS

environmental control/life support

ENG

engine

°F

Fahrenheit degrees

F-1

rocket engine designation

FAA

Federal Aviation Agency; after 1967, Federal Aviation Administration

FDL

Flight Dynamics Laboratory (Wright-Patterson AFB)

ft

foot

FWD

forward

FY

Fiscal Year

GD

General Dynamics Corporation

GE

General Electric Company

GLOW

gross liftoff weight

He

helium

HO

hydrogen-oxygen

HQ

headquarters

HS

Haynes Stellite (a class of superalloys)

IBM

International Business Machines Corporation

ICBM

intercontinental ballistic missile

IDA

Institute for Defense Analyses

J-2

rocket engine designation

JFK

John F. Kennedy

JP

Jet Propellant (grade of jet fuel)

JPL

Jet Propulsion Laboratory

K

thousand

KISS

Keep It Simple, Stupid

LACE

liquid air cycle engine

LBJ

Lyndon Baines Johnson

lb

pound

LC

launch complex (Cape Canaveral)

L/D

lift-to-drag ratio

LH, LH2

liquid hydrogen

LM

Lunar Module (Apollo)

LN2

liquid nitrogen

LO2, LOX

liquid oxygen

MIT

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MOL

Manned Orbiting Laboratory

MOM

Manned Orbiting Module

MORL

Manned Orbiting Research Laboratory

M.P.

Member of Parliament

MR

mixture ratio (rocket propellants)

MSC

Manned Spacecraft Center (NASA)

MSFC

Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA)

MW

megawatts

NACA

National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASC

National Aeronautics and Space Council

NERVA

Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application

NMI NASA

Management Instruction

n.mi.

nautical miles

NRO

National Reconnaissance Office

NSC

National Security Council

NSF

National Science Foundation

NTOP

New Technology Opportunities Program

OEO

Office of Economic Opportunity

OMB

Office of Management and Budget

OMS

orbital maneuvering system

OMSF

Office of Manned Space Flight (NASA)

OSSA

Office of Space Science and Applications (NASA)

OST

Office of Science and Technology (White House)

OWS

orbital workshop (Skylab)

PARD

Pilotless Aircraft Research Division (NACA-Langley)

PCG

Planning Coordination Group (NASA HQ)

PRIME

Precision Recovery Including Maneuvering Entry

PSAC

President's Science Advisory Committee

PSG

Planning Steering Group (NASA HQ)

psi

pounds per square inch

PTA

Parent-Teacher Association

R and D

research and development

RATO

Rocket-Assisted Takeoff

RDT&E

research, development, test and engineering

RFP

Request for Proposal

RL-10

rocket engine designation

ROMBUS

Reusable Orbital Module, Booster, and Utility Shuttle

RP

Rocket Propellant (rocket-grade kerosene)

rpm

revolutions per minute

SAB

Scientific Advisory Board (USAF)

SCLC

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

sec

second

SHHDC

Shuttle History Historical Documents Collection (NASA-MSFC)

S-IC

first stage of the Saturn V

S-II

second stage of the Saturn V

S-IVB

third stage of the Saturn V

SNECMA

Societe National d'Etude et de Construction de la Moteurs d'Aviation (France)

SP

Special Publication (NASA)

SRM

solid rocket motor

SSD

Space Systems Division (USAF)

SSME

Space Shuttle Main Engine

SST

supersonic transport

STAC

Science and Technology Advisory Committee (NASA HQ)

STG

Space Task Group

TAHO

Thrust Assisted Hydrogen-Oxygen

TAOS

Thrust Assisted Orbiter Shuttle

TEMPO

Technical Military Planning Operation (GE)

TPS

thermal protection system

TRW

Thompson Ramo Wooldridge, Incorporated

TVC

thrust vector control

TWA

Trans World Airlines

U.S.

United States

USAF

United States Air Force

USS

United States Ship (Navy)

VAB

Vehicle Assembly Building (Kennedy Space Center)

v.p.

vice president

wt

weight

XLR

Experimental Liquid Rocket

Table of Contents     Chapter 1


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Updated Wed, Jul 30, 2008 at 11:36:24
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